By Ocean Blue Project 09/28/2017
Whoa, Seattle you are amazing for going Strawless in Seattle will support Strawless Ocean's global initiative to remove 500 million plastic straws from the U.S. waste stream in 2017 and now the impact is full of facts that is saving the Ocean. In September alone, over 2 million Plastic straws were eliminated from the city, rivers and beyond.
A campaign by actor and environmentalist Adrian Grenier’s non-profit organization, Lonely Whale Foundation, 150+ Seattle businesses, restaurants, and venues swapped out plastic straws for sustainable alternatives. The Seahawks, Mariners, the Space Needle, and Port of Seattle all joined the worthy campaign. Not only did Seattle eliminate 2 million plastic straws in September, the city has banned all plastic straws and utensils by 2018. Ocean Blue feels that every one should just place what is needed in your car and backpack why not.
Currently, Americans use over 500 million plastic straws every day. It is expected that, if the trend continues, by 2050 there will be more plastic than fish in the oceans. The fact that plastic straws are one of the smallest single-use items we throw away does not help the case at all, considering how many of these tiny items accumulate in the trash daily. By limiting the number of single-use plastics produced, distributed, and used, we can significantly reduce plastic pollution and help the environment, wildlife, and people.
Ocean Blue Project launched beach cleanups on the Oregon, South Texas, and Florida Coast and wow they have already removed over 12 thousands pounds of micro plastic, straws, and other rubbish mostly land based products from fishing boats, floating in from rives and all the way from China.
To find out how to use less plastic in your every-day life and check out the gift provided by Ocean Blue Project when you become a Ocean Blue Member and every member will get their very own bamboo ware made by To-Go-Ware products.
By Richard Arterbury 09/26/2017
Bio of a professor in the Department of Political Science and director of the Climate Science Center at Texas Tech University, part of the Department of Interior’s South-Central Climate Science Center. My research currently focuses on establishing a scientific basis for assessing the regional to local-scale impacts of climate change on human systems and the natural environment. To this end, I analyze observations, compare future scenarios, evaluate global and regional climate models, build and assess statistical downscaling models, and constantly strive to develop better ways of translating climate projections into information relevant to agriculture, ecosystems, energy, infrastructure, public health, and water resources.
katharine hayhoe is also the founder and CEO of ATMOS Research, where we bridge the gap between scientists and stakeholders to provide relevant, state-of-the-art information on how climate change will affect our lives to a broad range of non-profit, industry and government clients. We work with a broad range of organizations, from Austin Water to Boston Logan Airport, to assess the potential impacts of climate change on their infrastructure and future planning.
I began my career with a B.Sc. in physics and astronomy from the University of Toronto. My first published papers were in the field of observational astronomy, on variable stars and galaxy clustering around quasars. I then completed an M.S. in atmospheric science from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, where my research focused on understanding human and natural sources of methane, and quantifying the contribution of methane and other non-CO2 greenhouse gases to emission reduction targets.
After participating in a climate change assessment for the Great Lakes, I recognized the need for high-resolution climate projections to integrate into impact studies in areas ranging from ecosystems to energy. For my Ph.D., I refocused my research to survey and compare a broad range of the statistical downscaling methods often used to generate these projections: research that now feeds directly into my contribution to the World Meteorological Organization’s Coordinated Regional Downscaling Experiment for Empirical Statistical Downscaling, or WMO CORDEX-ESD. There’s no one like a scientist for generating long unpronounceable acronyms, is there?
To date katharine hayhoe's work resulted in over 125 peer-reviewed papers, abstracts, and other publications and many key reports including the U.S. Global Change Research Program’s Second National Climate Assessment; the U.S. National Academy of Science report, Climate Stabilization Targets: Emissions, Concentrations, and Impacts over Decades to Millennia; and the 2014 Third National Climate Assessment. In addition to these reports, I have led climate impact assessments for a broad cross-section of cities and regions, from Chicago to California and the U.S. Northeast. The findings of these studies have been presented before Congress, highlighted in briefings to state and federal agencies, and used as input to future planning by communities, states, and regions across the country.
I truly enjoyed listening and seeing others interested to learn more about the solutions that will help solve climate change to help save not only animals, humans, and our everyday world.
Many seats were left untouched however many arrived to support her presence with open arms and a huge smile.
Oregon State University shares amazing food however also provided Plastic cups during times of climate change. Fossil fuels—coal, petroleum oil, and natural gas — are concentrated organic ... Today, the most common products derived from oil are found in the energy.
Plastic ware for climate change.
Kathrine Hayhoe and Wesley Stocker speaks about the importance of climate change.
By Ocean Blue Buzz
Puerto Rico is still under water, with no help from anyone. Three days after Hurricane Maria sunk the island as a Category 4 storm, and one of the strongest hurricane's to make a direct hit on the U.S. territory in over a century. Power is off across the entire island. Floods, downed power lines and food scarcity, lack of clean drinking water, or medicines has made this island a public health crisis that grows by the min. The U.S. Government has no extra help to send for we are still cleaning up and saving Houston and Florida damaged by hurricane Harvey and Irma.
As thousands of nonprofits would love to help, however lack of funding is the only thing holding them back. Ocean Blue Project a national nonprofit based in Oregon had to use personal funding just to help in Houston, Tx due to lack of support from donations, while most everyone donates to the red cross and other larger nonprofits that pay high wages to employees rather then directly making the impact that could be made. We all know paying employees is vital, however during times like this I'm not so sure salary's should be where grassroots donations should be going. Pureto Rico also must be a national priority and needs our help today or we will see many humans, animals, suffer from starvation, lack of clean water and beyond.
The devastation is awful and the full damage is not yet known as rescuers in kayaks are just today reaching some of the hard hit rural areas, on this Island. 3.5 million people was already recovering from not a direct hit by bump by Hurricane Irma that left half the island without power. The infrastructures are not very sound and more less not built very solid in the first place. After seeing this aftermath this is unsettling and Puerto Rico now faces a multi-billion dollar reconstruction effort and needs help from every nonprofit possible to help the affected to get back on their feet.
Ocean Blue is sending supply's and water and if you would like to give a helping hand, please donate at least one dollar. We do not pay our self, more-less we are a pivot to make sure the donation and supply's land exactly where other donations are not landing. Until our federal funding arrives we will continue studying how we can respond to sunken cities to help restore and join hands with hurricane on a annual basis. We have learned so much by visiting Houston Texas and Thank you to everyone that has donated to the Ocean Blue Hurricane Relief Fund. Today is after the fact however it's time to make sure we are letting anyone down next year during hurricane season as we all today understand hurricanes are growing larger and larger annually. Donate Today, Please!
Photo by Justin Hoffman photo of the year
Photo by Justin HofmanWhen photographer Justin Hofman snapped this photo while snorkeling off the coast of the Indonesian island of Sumbawa in 2016, he couldn't have guessed the environmental impact the snapshot would have. A year later, the photograph is a finalist in the Wildlife Photographer of the Year competition, and has been dubbed"the poster child for today’s marine trash crisis."
Hofman is based out of California, but he travels all over the world leading wildlife expeditions. This photo was captured on one-such expedition in Indonesia.
He was gleefully watching this seahorse bounce from natural object to natural object, hitching rides on the current, when something changed. Here's a piece of the official image caption:
"As the tide started to come in, the mood changed. The water contained more and more decidedly unnatural objects—mainly bits of plastic—and a film of sewage sludge covered the surface. The seahorse let go of a piece of seagrass and seized a long, wispy piece of clear plastic. As a brisk wind at the surface picked up, making conditions bumpier, the seahorse took advantage of something that offered a more stable raft: a waterlogged plastic cotton swab."
When Hofman shared the photo on his Instagram account last week, it received over 17K likes and 1,100 comments, but it's a photo he wishes didn't exist. "This sea horse drifts along with the trash day in and day out as it rides the currents that flow along the Indonesian archipelago," he wrote on IG. "This photo serves as an allegory for the current and future state of our oceans."
A post shared by Justin Hofman (@justinhofman) on Sep 12, 2017 at 8:28am PDT
As for capturing the photo itself, we asked Hofman if he would like to share anything with our audience of photographers directly. This is what he had to say:
The thing I would really like to tell photographers is to a) Listen to your gut and b) Don't worry so much about gear.
If you look at this encounter, on paper it doesn't really make that much sense: I captured a photo of a 1 inch sea horse using a 35mm lens (16-35mm). Most people, if you had told them of the scenario would say to bring a macro lens. But I never have a macro lens on my camera. I am always afraid that a whale will swim by while I have a 105mm on, which would make it worthless. If I am unsure or just goofing off, I will always bring with me the most flexible lens I can. This ensures that whatever comes by, I have given myself the best opportunity possible to capture the moment.
Of course there will always be sacrifices, but the flexibility is key. If I had had a macro lens, I can 100% assure you that this photo would not have been possible because we were both bobbing around too much to make a sharp macro shot possible. Even with a 35mm, I only have a handful of photos that are actually in focus.
And in case you are curious about gear, he also shared that the photo was taken with an A7R II and Sony 16-35mm F4 lens in a Nauticam housing with a Sea and Sea 240mm dome and two Sea and Sea ys-d1 strobes.
To see more of Hofman's work, be sure to visit his website or give his account a follow on Instagram. And if you'd like to learn more about ocean conservation, Justin suggests you visit SeaLegacy.org.
Thank you for supporting Ocean Blue Outreach News. If you are not a annual member visit www.oceanblueproject.org
by Ocean Blue 09/23/2017 2:22 PM
Save an animal and you will change his or her world. Clean water is one of the most vital part of our everyday life for both humans and wildlife.
Until one has loved an animal apart of ones soul will remain awakened! Please share your love for our environment by working with nonprofits to help save wildlife and clean water for everyone.
by Ocean Blue 09/22/2017 6:30 pm
Local Cocoa photographer named Randy Lathrop was riding his bike along the river earlier this week when he came across the unusual piece of wood washed up near the shore, after Hurricane Irma left a lot of destruction, however Irma, also unearthed a piece of history.
A wooden canoe that scientists say could be hundreds of years old possible between 500 to 5000 years old. This one has reportedly emerged from the bottom of the Indian River along Florida’s eastern coast following last week’s powerful storm, leading some to speculate that it could have once belonged to Native Americans.
In collaboration with the Florida Division of Historical Resources, Bureau of Archaeological Research,researchers at the Florida Museum are working to record information on the many exposed dugout canoes that have been revealed in dried lakebeds and lowered waterways across Florida.
What to do if you discover one of these canoes?
Please do not remove it.
Contact either Donna Ruhl (firstname.lastname@example.org) at the Florida Museum of Natural History (352-273-1928) in Gainesville, Florida
Julia Byrd (Julia.Byrd@dos.myflorida.com) at the Bureau of Archaeological Research (850) 245-6336 in Tallahassee, Florida.
These important artifacts range in date from a few hundred years old to well over 6,000 years showing the significance of Florida’s long aquatic cultural heritage. Until relatively recently (e.g., during the severe drought in 2000 when 101 canoes were located along the shore of Newnans Lake and now again in 2012) these artifacts were submerged and protected by the waterlogged beds in which they were deposited.
Once exposed wood canoes are subject to rapid decay by fungus, molds, and other microbial activity as well as by light, desiccation, and human intervention. To help assist with the increasing number of canoes that have been exposed, we are actively trying to visit canoe sites when we are informed. We collect standardized data such as location, small samples and other documentation on these items to better understand cultural use as well as paleoenvironment.
For more information about what to do if you find a canoe please visit the Bureau of Archaeological Research web site on canoes.
By Richard Arterbury 09/18/2017 at 9:37 am
Russian fishermen pulled a 1,100 kg ocean sunfish which got stuck in their net in the waters near Iturup island, according to Sakhalin info. Also known as moonfish and mola, the wild-looking creature is the heaviest bony fish on Earth.
The group of Sakhalin fishermen did not expect to find the monster Sunfish in their nets as they took to the sea for smaller fry on Saturday. The enormous fish, considered a delicacy in some cultures, however this one was killed, and possibly wolf food at the least.
Whys to help support nonprofits that help cleanup the ocean
save the ocean supporter beach tote
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By Richard Arterbury
Isolated populations more vulnerable to local extinction | Wildfires Fires
Flying Squirrels are the fungi gods of the forest and by spreading fungi from point a to point b in our forest. After Forest fires the Northern Flying squirrels are vulnerable due to lack of cover trees once provided. Ocean Blue would like to add habitat protection boxes throughout the forest to help protect the flying squirrel. Owls today have an open forest while many animals are now left with out protection of large conifer trees and other hardwood trees.
Many forms of hypogeous fungi rely on small mammals to consume and disperse their spores. It is well documented in the Pacific Northwest that northern flying squirrels (Glaucomys sabrinus) rely on hypogeous fungi as a food resource.
Hypogeous fungi rely on small mammals to consume and disperse spores throughout the Forrest. This is well documented in the Pacific Northwest that the northern flying squirrels rely on hypogeous fungi as a food resource. However with out a tree canopy many mammals are in danger and are being consumed by the predators of the forest. However documentation of the flying squirrel's diet are poorly documented. Using live-capture to obtain fecal samples, are key to documenting what all is being consumed by flying squirrels by collecting fecal samples.
A recent study by Matthew Wheatley examined dietary fungal diversity from the feces of 44 northern flying squirrels inhabiting variable-aged managed forest stands during late summer in the foothills of west-central Alberta, Canada. Fungal material was found in all specimens, and was identified to order, family, or genera via microscopic spore morphological classification. Twenty-six spore morphologies were found; 1 was identified to order, 4 to family, 13 to genus, and 8 remained unidentified. The most frequently consumed fungi were of the hypogeous form of the genera Cortinarius, Gastroboletus, and Hysterangium. Insect material also figured prominently. In contrast to epigeous-dominated winter diets of flying squirrels found elsewhere in Alberta, here, hypogeous species formed almost one-half of those identified. There is evidently notable consistency in species richness of fungi in flying squirrel diets continent-wide but in more northern forests, diets may shift from epigeous species during winter months to hypogeous species in summer.
The primary threats to this species are incompatible forest management practices, large high-severity wildfires, and climate change.
Forest management practices and large high-severity wildfires reduce canopy closure and large conifer and hardwood tree densities, reducing habitat quality and quantity. It has been shown that northern flying squirrel abundance is reduced by forestry practices that influence the structure or age of residual stands, both in the short and the longer term, and abundance has also been shown to be reduced in partially harvested areas compared to uncut stands. Prescribed fire may have short-term (less than 8 years) negative effects on abundance by reducing the frequency and biomass of their primary food source, truffles. Climate-driven changes in fire regimes are projected to include increases in fire frequency, area, and intensity which are expected to result in loss of late-seral habitat. Because northern flying squirrels are thought to be resource and dispersal limited these threats make small and isolated populations more vulnerable to local extinction.
HabitatThe northern flying squirrel is a nocturnal arboreal squirrel occurring throughout the northern latitudes of the United States and Canada. There is considerable evidence that flying squirrels are more abundant in forests with an abundance of large live trees, large dead trees (snags), well-developed understories, and many large logs on the ground. In the Sierra Nevada, where conditions are relatively xeric (dry) compared to elsewhere within the species’ range, higher densities of flying squirrels are often found in relatively close proximity (less than 150 meters) to perennial streams. It is believed that the correlation between this species and perennial streams in the Sierra Nevada is due to higher soil moisture and other microclimate conditions in riparian areas that increases the abundance of the squirrels primary food source, truffles (fruiting body of subterranean fungi).
Mean home range sizes of approximately 9 to 29 hectares (22 to 72 acres) have been recorded in the Sierra Nevada, with individual home ranges overlapping both within and between sexes, suggesting individuals share foraging areas.
On the Sierra National Forest in the central Sierra Nevada, these squirrels were found selecting taller and larger than expected diameter conifers (red firs in particular) and snags for nesting. On the Plumas National Forest in the northern Sierra, one study found that they selected hardwoods (black oaks) more often than expected compared to all other available trees and snags. Larger trees, snags, and hardwoods are more likely to have woodpecker or fungal cavities, or other decay features that allow for internal nesting, and thereby offer protection from predation and environmental extremes.
They do not create their own cavities, relying on naturally created cavities or cavities created and abandoned by woodpeckers. Northern flying squirrels play several important roles in forest ecosystems. In addition to serving as a primary prey for several old forest dependent species, including California spotted owls, Pacific fishers, and American martens, flying squirrels eat, store, and distribute truffle spores throughout the forests they inhabit. Truffles are critical to forest health because these fungi form mycorrhizal relationships with trees, a symbiotic (mutually beneficial) relationship that provides the fungi with carbohydrates and the tree with otherwise unavailable water and nutrients from the soil. Not only do trees with mycorrhizal fungi grow larger and faster, they are less susceptible to drought and disease.
ConservationThe northern flying squirrel is a primary prey species for several rare old forest species and they are a primary vector for distributing the spores of mycorrhizal fungi, which increase tree nutrient and water uptake and forest resilience to climate change; therefore, maintaining, expanding, and increasing habitat quality, quantity, and connectivity for the northern flying squirrel is essential to maintaining diverse, healthy, and resilient forests in the Sierra Nevada.
StatusThe Northern flying squirrel is considered a management indicator species for all ten National Forests in the Sierra Nevada. The species is currently being monitored on the Plumas and Lassen National Forests though a multi-year monitoring effort. It is not considered a game species and it is illegal to kill or capture a Northern flying squirrel.
Research about the flying squirrel:
Carey, A.B., 2000. Effects of New Forest Management Strategies on Squirrel Populations. Ecological Applications 10(1) 248-257. (234KB PDF)
Holloway, G.L., and W.P. Smith. 2011. A meta-analysis of forest age and structure effects on northern flying squirrel densities. Journal of Wildlife Management 75:668-674. (1.7 MB PDF)
Lehmkuhl, J.F., et.al., 2004. Truffle Abundance and Mycophagy by Northern Flying Squirrels in Eastern Washington Forests. Forest Ecology and Management 200, 9-64. (233KB PDF)
Meyer, M.D., et.al., 2005. Nest Trees of Northern Flying Squirrels in the Sierra Nevada. Journal of Mammology, 86(2) 275-280. (157KB PDF)
Meyer, M.D., M.P. North, and D.A. Kelt, 2005. Fungi in the Diets of Northern Flying Squirrels and Lodgepole Chipmunks in the Sierra Nevada. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 83, 1581-1589. (101KB PDF)
Meyer, M.D., D.A. Kelt, and M.P. North. 2007. Microhabitat associations of northern flying squirrels
in burned and thinned forest stands of the Sierra Nevada. American Midland Naturalist 157:202–211.
Meyer, M.D., M.P. North, and S.L Roberts. 2008. Truffle abundance in recently prescribed burned and unburned forests in Yosemite National Park: implications for mycophagous mammals. Fire Ecology Special Issue 4:24-33. (2.4 MB PDF)
North, M. 2002. Seasonality and abundance of truffles from oak woodlands to red fir forests. p 91-98 in Jared Verner (tech. editor). Proceedings of a Symposium on the Kings River Sustainable Forest Ecosystems Project: Progress and Current Status. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station General Technical Report, PSW-GTR-183. (164 KB PDF)
Pyare, S., and W.S. Longland. 2002. Interrelationships Among Northern Flying Squirrels, Truffles, and Microhabitat Structure in Sierra Nevada Old-growth Habitat. Canadian Journal of Forest Restoration 32, 1016-1024. (78KB PDF)
Rosenberg, D.K., R.G. Anthony, 1992. Characteristics of Northern Flying Squirrel Populations in Young Second and Old-growth Forests in Western Oregon. Canadian Journal of Zoology 70,161-166. (486KB PDF)
Smith, J.R. 2009. Spatial organization, habitat preference, and management of northern flying squirrels, Glaucomys sabrinus, in the northern Sierra Nevada. Thesis, University of California, Davis. 45 Pages (372 KBPDF)
Smith, J.R. et al. 2011. Spatial organization of northern flying squirrels: Glaucomys sabrinus: Territoriality in females? Western North American Naturalist 71(1):44-48. (1.12 MB PDF)
Thysell, D.R., et.al., 1997. Observations of Northern Flying Squirrel Feeding Behaviors: Use of Non-Truffle Food Items. Northwestern Naturalist 78, 87-92. (158KB PDF)
Villa, L.J., et.al., 1999. Maturation and Reproduction of Northern Flying Squirrels in Pacific Northwest Forests. Pacific Northwest Research Station, U.S. Forest Service, GTR-444. (845KB PDF)
Waters, J.R., and C.J. Zabel, 1995. Northern Flying Squirrel Densities in Fir Forests of Northeastern California. Journal of Wildlife Management 59(4) 858-866. (133KB PDF)
Waters, J.R., et.al., 2000. Northern Flying Squirrel Mycophagy and Truffle Production in Fir Forests in Northeastern California. Pacific Southwest Research Station, U.S. Forest Service, GTR-178. (498KB PDF)
Wilson, J.A., D.A. Kelt, and D.H. Van Vuren. 2008. Home range and activity of northern flying squirrels (Glaucomys sabrinus) in the Sierra Nevada. Southwestern Naturalist 53:21-28.
Zabel, C.J., J.R. Waters. 1997. Food Preferences of Captive Northern Flying Squirrels from the Lassen National Forest in Northeastern California. Northwest Science 71(2) 103-107. (420KB PDF)
By Richard Arterbury 09/17/2017 @11:55 pm
30 Days of Timelapse, about 80,000 photos combined. 1500GB of Project files. Sailing in the open ocean is a unique feeling and experience.I hope to capture and share it for everyone to see.
Route was from Red Sea -- Gulf of Aden -- Indian Ocean -- Colombo -- Malacca Strait -- Singapore -- South East China Sea -- Hong Kong and what an amazing video. More Cargo Ships to check out: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kj7ix...
By Richard Arterbury 09/17/2017 at 10:50
Flooding resulting by monsoon rains have directly affected at least 41 million people in Bangladesh, India and Nepal and over 1/3 of India is underwater.
More than 1,000 people have died in South America during floods just this summer. Every direction we look flooding is huge cover roofs and like in Houston Texas reaching street signs. The untied nations state over 41 million people of Bangladesh, India, and Nepal, which heavy rains have always taken place during Monsoon season that last between June to September, however no one was prepared for waters this deep. Many people are still missing, wild animals are suffering wide spread and all over the world truly.
By Richard Arterbury Sep. 13, 2017 , 1:00pm
Coffee is one of the first I do when I wake up in the morning and to hear that the future of coffee bean farms shrinking due to climate change is alarming. I often look for positive news however the news is not getting any better for the future of our land. With higher temperatures and many studies have recently predicted that climate change could have the amount of farmland growing coffee is decreasing daily and by 2050 and mainly due to increasing temperatures, drought, and beyond.
The Latin America ecological model, is the largest producer suggests even greater declines in both habitat for coffee and they have mentioned their farms could shrink by 88%, with particular large losses in the lowlands of Nicaragua, Honduras, and Veezuela. Researchers also examined how future climate will impact the honey bee and over 38 other bee species that pollinate coffee plants and boost yields. However conditions will improve for pollinators have increased up to 22% for future growing areas for coffee.
Coffee grows best in higher elevations. In Mexico as much as 51% of the coffee growing areas will have fewer bee species, and will have huge loss of yields, researchers are reporting nowadays. What are the solutions to help our domesticated honey bee and I hope the National Academy of Sciences will step in with solutions to help the facts we are facing.
Studies are suggesting its vital to cater to the bee populations by minimizing use of pesticides and keeping a diversity of native plants to provide food for bees. Leaving water out during the summer months can help bees have clean drinking water and by planting flowers gardens everywhere to supply the food bees species need to survive.
Make A Wish Save A Bee
BY Richard Arterbury
I'm guessing Hurricane Irma dumped water from the Keys in the Gulf of Mexico: